Gardening refers to the act of purposely growing plants in a designated area. Gardening is one of the most natural activities known to man. Humans have been cultivating and collecting plant life from the earth since before the ancient era. People engage in gardening for sustenance and pleasure. Many people survive off of much of the herbs and food grown in their fruit and vegetable gardens, while most simply enjoy observing the flowers and other plant life. Famous Gardens
Over the years gardens became distinct and specialized by their styles and locations. Some world renowned gardens include The Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew in England, The Chateau de Versailles in France, The Villa d’Este in Italy, The Master of Nets Garden in China, Dumbarton Oaks in Washington D.C., Hanging Gardens in India, Kodaiji Temple Garden in Japan, and The Summer Garden in Russia.Types of Gardens
There are many different types of gardens that originate from a variety of cultures around the world. These gardens also serve different functions.
Revised May 27th, 2016
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- Herb gardens: These gardens are typically cultivated for growing herbs for healing or culinary purposes. Herb gardens require less space than other gardens and can be grown indoors or outdoors. Some of the most common herbs grown in herb gardens are basil, oregano, chives, cilantro, parsley, dill, lavender, lemon grass, mint, rosemary, sage, and thyme.
- Rock gardens: rock gardens are generally any type of garden that features specialized rock or artistically styled rock arrangements.
- Aquatic gardens: these gardens typically feature ponds, fountains, and aquatic plants such as water lilies.
- Zen gardens: a zen garden is a type of Japanese garden also referred to as a Japanese rock garden which uses rocks, gravel, plants, and trees. These items are carefully arranged to create miniature-stylized landscapes.
- Urban gardens: an urban garden refers to gardens created in the limited space of crowded urban cities. These gardens are usually created on the rooftops of urban buildings or within the homes of urban dwellers.
- Edible gardens: Edible gardens include traditional vegetable gardens or any garden that is expressly cultivated to produce food.
- Flower gardens: flower gardens are aesthetic gardens, which host a variety of wild and engineered plants. Flower gardens are one of the most popular forms of gardens worldwide.